A DNA primase activity has been purified from the budding yeast Saccharomyces. The resulting preparation was nearly homogeneous and was devoid of DNA and RNA polymerase activities. The primase activity cofractionated with a Mr 65,000 polypeptide in sedimentation and chromatography procedures, and the native molecular weight of the enzyme corresponded closely to this value suggesting that the primase or an active proteolytic fragment of the protein exists as a monomer. Both heat-denatured calf thymus DNA and poly(dT) could be utilized by the enzyme as templates. Primase exhibited an absolute requirement for divalent cations and for rATP on a poly(dT) template. Although it required the ribonucleotide to initiate primer chains, the enzyme could incorporate the deoxynucleotide into primers. The product of the primase-catalyzed reaction was an oligonucleotide of discrete length (11-13 nucleotides), and oligonucleotides that were apparently dimers of this unit length were also observed. Primers that were synthesized were virtually identical in size in both the presence and absence of dATP incorporation. Although the bulk of DNA primase activity was isolated as a "free" enzyme, a portion of cellular primase activity co-chromatographed with DNA polymerase suggesting an association between these enzymes similar to that found in several higher eukaryotes.