A 62-year-old white man with a hemochromatosis phenotype was found to be heterozygous for the C282Y mutation of the HFE gene. The H63D and S65C mutations of HFE were not present. As most C282Y heterozygotes do not develop a hemochromatosis phenotype, the coding region of the patient's HFE gene was sequenced and a previously undescribed frameshift mutation was identified in exon 2 (c.del277; G93fs) that resulted in a premature stop-codon. There were no coding region mutations of the ferroportin gene (FPN1). We performed human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing of the patient and his brother who was heterozygous for the C282Y HFE mutation unassociated with a hemochromatosis phenotype. They shared only C282Y and the HLA haplotype A*03, B*14; hence, the c.del277 mutation was linked to the HLA haplotype A*02, B*44 and therefore not on the same chromosome as the C282Y mutation. Thus, the present patient's only intact HFE protein is C282Y, and this may explain his hemochromatosis phenotype.