Two crystal forms of Azotobacter vinelandii (4Fe-4s)2 ferredoxin I (Fd I) have been grown which are suitable for high resolution x-ray diffraction studies. Tetragonal crystals grow as square bipyramids from ammonium sulfate and Tris buffer using a temperature gradient. The space group is P41212 (or P43212) with a = 55.3, c = 95.9 A and 1 molecule/asymmetric unit. Triclinic crystals grow as plates or laths from ammonium sulfate and phosphate buffer at constant temperature. The space group is P1 with a = 46.8, b = 58.7, c = 64.3 A, alpha = = 105 degrees 05 min, beta = 82 degrees 30 min, gamma = 110 degrees 30 min and 4 or 5 molecules/unit cell. Both crystal forms are stable to x-ray irradiation and diffract beyond 3.0 A resolution.