Affinity chromatography on Sepharose-fetuin columns was used in a single step procedure to isolate the lectins concanavalin A, Favin, phytohemagglutinin, wheat germ agglutinin, and Limulus hemagglutinin. New lectins with unknown binding specificities were also purified by the same procedure from extracts of small California white beans, Idaho red beans, and white pea beans. The purified lectins exhibited different cell surface mapping properties on erythrocytes, lymphocytes, and sperm cells. It was particularly striking that neither 131I-labeled concanavalin nor 125I-labeled wheat germ agglutinin had any effect on the binding of the other to mouse spleen cells. In accord with this observation, gel electrophoretic analysis of radiolabeled lymphocyte receptors for these two lecithins yielded different patterns. These results indicate that highly purified lectins prepared by affinity chromatography on the same adsorbent can possess strikingly different binding specificities for cell surface receptors.