Use of a monoclonal antibody specific for rabbit microsomal cytochrome P-450 3b to characterize the participation of this cytochrome in the microsomal 6 beta- and 16 alpha-hydroxylation of progesterone
A monoclonal antibody was developed that is specific for the 3b electrophoretic class of rabbit liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 as judged by immunoprecipitation and subsequent electrophoretic analysis. The antibody is inhibitory of catalytically distinct, variant forms of P-450 3b prepared from New Zealand White or IIIVO/J rabbits, respectively. Peptide mapping of the immunopurified P-450 3b from NZW and IIIVO/J microsomes indicates that a characteristic difference between the variant forms is exhibited by the antigen. In addition, a competitive assay indicates that the binding properties of the antibody do not differ substantially toward the variant forms of P-450 3b. The inhibitory antibody was used to examine the contribution of P-450 3b to the microsomal 16 alpha- and 6 beta-hydroxylation of progesterone. The antibody inhibits 40-70% of the 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity of microsomes from either New Zealand White or IIIVO/J rabbits. In contrast, it does not inhibit 6 beta-hydroxylation catalyzed by microsomes prepared from strain IIIVO/J but does inhibit this reaction as catalyzed by microsomes from most New Zealand White rabbits. The antibody also inhibits the increased 16 alpha-hydroxylase activity of IIIVO/J microsomes observed in the presence of 5 beta-pregnane-3 beta,20 alpha-diol, an allosteric effector of this variant form of P-450 3b. Use of this monoclonal antibody provides a link between the observed properties of the purified, variant forms of P-450 3b and microsomal metabolism. These results indicate that the antibody can be used to phenotype variant forms of P-450 3b in microsomal fractions.