The recruitment of coactivators by nuclear hormone receptors (NRs) promotes transcription by subverting chromatin-mediated repression. Although the histone methylation enzyme CARM1 and an ATP-remodeling complex have been individually implicated in nuclear receptor-dependent transcription, neither a functional nor mechanistic linkage between these systems has been identified. In the process of purifying endogenous CARM1-interacting proteins, we identified an associated complex, nucleosomal methylation activator complex (NUMAC), which includes at least eight components of SWI/SNF, including the ATPase BRG1. In the NUMAC complex, the methylase, CARM1, acquires the ability to covalently modify nucleosomal histones, and the directed nucleosome versus free core histone methylation-specificity change is increased dramatically. Reciprocally, CARM1 stimulates the ATPase activity of BRG1, a key component in nucleosome remodeling. In vivo, CARM1 and BRG1 coassemble on an estrogen receptor (ER)-target gene to cooperatively activate ER-dependent transcription. This association of ATP-remodeling factors with HMT CARM1 defines a new component of regulation in the nuclear hormone-signaling pathway.