DNA sequencing separations have been performed in microfabricated electrophoresis channels with the goal of determining whether high-quality sequencing is feasible with these microdevices. The separation matrix, separation temperature, channel length and depth, injector size, and injection parameters were optimized. DNA fragment sizing separations demonstrated that 50-micron-deep channels provide the best sensitivity for our detection configuration. One-color sequencing separations of single-stranded M13mp18 DNA on 3% linear polyacrylamide (LPA) were used to optimize the twin-T injector size, injection conditions, and temperature. The best one-color separations were observed with a 250-micron twin-T injector, an injection time of 60 s, and a temperature of 35 degrees C. The first 500 bases appeared in 9.2 min with a resolution of > 0.5, and the separation extended to 700 bases. The best four-color sequencing separations were performed using 4% LPA, a temperature of 40 degrees C, and a 100-micron twin-T injector. These four-color runs were complete in only 20 min, could be automatically base-called using BaseFinder to over 600 bp after the primer, and were 99.4% accurate to 500 bp. These results significantly advance the quality of microchip-based electrophoretic sequencing and indicate the feasibility of performing high-speed genomic sequencing with microfabricated electrophoretic devices.