The isoinhibitor IIA from bull seminal plasma was investigated in aqueous solution by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (n.m.r.). The analysis of the 1H n.m.r. data was based on individual resonance assignments, which are described in the following paper. Large conformation-dependent chemical shifts for aliphatic amino acid side-chains, numerous slowly exchanging amide protons and unusual pH titrations of two aromatic residues show that this protein forms a compact, globular conformation. This form of the protein is stable between pH 4 and 12 at 25 degrees C, and between 5 and 50 degrees C at pH 4.9. At temperatures above 50 degrees C there is evidence for an equilibrium between several different conformations, with the rate of exchange between the different species being in the intermediate range on the n.m.r. time-scale. Preliminary data are presented for the individual exchange rates of 18 backbone amide protons. Among the four aromatic rings, Phe10, Phe38 and Tyr16 undergo rapid 180 flips over the entire temperature range, whereas for Tyr32 a temperature-dependent transition from low-frequency to high-frequency flipping motions was observed.