Members of the R7 family of the regulators of G-protein signaling (R7 RGS) proteins form multi-subunit complexes that play crucial roles in processing the light responses of retinal neurons. The disruption of these complexes has been shown to lead to the loss of temporal resolution in retinal photoreceptors and deficient synaptic transmission to downstream neurons. Despite the well established role of one member of this family, RGS9-1, in controlling vertebrate phototransduction, the roles and organizational principles of other members in the retina are poorly understood. Here we investigate the composition, localization, and function of complexes containing RGS11, the closest homolog of RGS9-1. We find that RGS11 forms a novel obligatory trimeric complex with the short splice isoform of the type 5 G-protein beta subunit (G beta 5) and the RGS9 anchor protein (R9AP). The complex is expressed exclusively in the dendritic tips of ON-bipolar cells in which its localization is accomplished through a direct association with mGluR6, the glutamate receptor essential for the ON-bipolar light response. Although association with both R9AP and mGluR6 contributed to the proteolytic stabilization of the complex, postsynaptic targeting of RGS11 was not determined by its membrane anchor R9AP. Electrophysiological recordings of the light response in mouse rod ON-bipolar cells reveal that the genetic elimination of RGS11 has little effect on the deactivation of G alpha(o) in dark-adapted cells or during adaptation to background light. These results suggest that the deactivation of mGluR6 cascade during the light response may require the contribution of multiple GTPase activating proteins.