There are currently no drugs to treat neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) and all existing medications only treat symptoms, lose efficacy over time, and produce untoward side effects. In the current work, we report the first highly selective, orally bioavailable, c-jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor for protection of dopaminergic neurons in vitro and in vivo. At 300 nM this compound showed statistically significant protection of primary dopaminergic neurons exposed to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)), had pharmacokinetic properties in rodents consistent with twice daily (b.i.d.) dosing, and was orally efficacious at 30 mg/kg in a mouse 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model of Parkinson's disease. Moreover, a dose-dependent target modulation of c-jun phosphorylation served as a biomarker for demonstrating on-target inhibition of JNK as the mechanism of action for this compound. Collectively these results suggest that this JNK inhibitor could be a promising therapeutic neuroprotective agent in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.