Identification of mel(1a) melatonin receptors in the human embryonic kidney cell line hek293: Evidence of g protein-coupled melatonin receptors which do not mediate the inhibition of stimulated cyclic amp levels
Binding assays using 2-[125I]iodomelatonin revealed high-affinity, guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) sensitive, melatonin binding sites (B(max) 1.1 fmol/mg protein) in the human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293. Competition studies using the selective melatonin receptor antagonist luzindole and RT-PCR techniques identified these sites as human Mel1a melatonin receptors. Challenge of HEK293 cells with 1 microM melatonin had no effect on forskolin stimulated cyclic AMP levels, whereas in HEK293 cells engineered to stably over-express the human Mel1a melatonin receptor (B(max) > 400 fmol/mg protein) melatonin dose-dependently inhibited stimulated cyclic AMP levels (IC50 7.7 pM). These data may indicate that certain tissues, expressing low levels of G protein-coupled melatonin receptors, do not display melatonin mediated inhibition of cAMP.