We have used an antisynthetic peptide antiserum to a murine recombinant virus gp70 to probe normal mouse tissues for immunologically related proteins. In addition to cognate gp70s, this antiserum reacts with the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoparticle protein A1 by virtue of a 5-amino acid epitope, PRNQG. Further structural similarity is evident both 5' and 3' of this epitope. Since the function of the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles in the cell is to aid in the stabilization and processing of newly synthesized RNA, we have investigated whether this retroviral sequence exhibits any nucleic acid-binding properties by the same criteria established for the identification of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles. Analysis of the peptide in a poly(eA) binding assay shows this retroviral sequence to bind with high affinity to single-stranded nucleic acid. This binding occurs in a salt-sensitive manner characteristic of single-stranded nucleic acid-binding proteins. Flanking peptides not containing this sequence generated from either the A1 or gp70 show no ability to bind single-stranded nucleic acids by this assay.