A reinvestigation of the primary structure of Qbeta coat protein between positions 1 and 60 was undertaken to resolve two discrepancies between the published amino acid seuqence (Maita, T., and Konigsberg, W. (1971) J. Biol. Chem. 246, 5003-5024) and the cognate nucleotide sequence recently determined in our laboratory (C. Escarmis and M. A. Billeter, unpublished results). The 22nd amino acid was asparagine rather than aspartic acid, and an additional amino acid, serine, was present between proline in position 55 and arginine in position 56. The revised structure agrees with the nucleotide sequence determined so far.