We previously used electron cryo-crystallography to determine the three-dimensional structure of recombinant gap junction channels formed by a C-terminal truncation mutant of Cx43 (11). The dodecameric channel is formed by the end-to-end docking of two hexameric connexons, each comprised of 24 transmembrane alpha-helices. We have now generated two-dimensional crystals of the recombinant, full-length channel, as well as crystals in which the C-tail has been completely removed by trypsin digestion. Projection density maps at 7.5 A resolution closely resemble our previous analysis of the C-terminal truncation mutant (9). A difference map between the full length and trypsin-treated channels suggests that there are small but significant shifts in protein density upon removal of the C-tail.