Studies of proton-proton nuclear Overhauser effects were used to obtain individual assignments of 17 amide proton resonances in the 360 MHz proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of the basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor. First, optimizing the conditions for obtaining selective nuclear Overhauser effects in the presence of spin diffusion in macromolecules is discussed. Truncated driven nuclear Overhauser experiments were used to assing the amide proton resonances of the beta-sheet in the inhibitor. It is suggested that these techniques could serve quite generally to obtain individual resonance assignments in beta-sheet secondary structures of proteins. Combination of nuclear Overhauser studies with spin decoupling further resulted in individual assignments of the gamma-methyl resonances of the two isoleucines and numerous Calpha and Cbeta protons.