Previously, a highly refined crystal structure and energy refined atomic coordinates were obtained for the basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, as well as numerous individual resonance assignments in the 1H NMR spectrum. These data were now used to investigate the contributions from the local ring current fields of the aromatic rings to the overall conformation dependent chemical shifts in this globular protein. A program was written which allowed the consideration of certain aspects of internal mobility of the protein, and the different commonly used ring current equa tions were compared. These studies indicate that ring current shifts are the dominant contribution to the observed conformation dependent chemical shifts of the peripheral aliphatic side chain protons. On the other hand, it appears that ring current shifts do not make dominant contributions to the conformation dependent shifts of the backbone alpha- and amide protons or the aromatic protons in the inhibitor. On the basis of the empirical calibration with the peripheral aliphatic side chain protons, the Johnson-Bovey ring current equation was selected for an analysis of the ring geometries of two prolines in the inhibitor.