Galanin is a 29- to 30-aa-long neuropeptide affecting feeding, cognitive, and sexual behavior. It exerts its effects through galanin receptors 1, 2 and 3, which are all seven transmembrane domain G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). The GPCRs have been shown to function as monomers, homodimers, heterodimers and oligomers. In this study, we examined the extent of galanin receptor 1 (GalR1) dimerization and internalization in living CHO cells using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and time lapse confocal imaging. Ratio imaging analysis and emission spectral analysis revealed substantial homodimerization of GalR1. In addition, internalization of GalR1 after 1h of agonist stimulation with the GalR1 agonist galanin (1-29) was observed with time lapse fluorescence imaging, whereas stimulation with the GalR2 specific agonist galanin (2-11) did not lead to internalization. Treatment of GalR1 transfected cells with the non-selective adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin influenced the rate of internalization when administered together with galanin (1-29). These results indicate that GalR1 can act as a dimer on the cell surface and that receptor desensitization and internalization was observed after stimulation with the agonist galanin (1-29). Western blots further confirm the FRET data that GalR1-XFP dimerizes and can be detected in the cell as a monomer or dimer using antibodies to XFP. Internalization and dimerization of GalR1 is shown, contributing to the regulation of galanergic signaling.