Chemically inducible gene switches that regulate expression of endogenous genes have multiple applications for basic gene expression research and gene therapy. Single-chain zinc-finger transcription factors that utilize either estrogen receptor homodimers or retinoid X receptor-alpha/ecdysone receptor heterodimers are shown here to be effective regulators of ICAM-1 and ErbB-2 transcription. Using activator (VP64) and repressor (Krüppel-associated box) domains to impart regulatory directionality, ICAM-1 was activated by 4.8-fold and repressed by 81% with the estrogen receptor-inducible transcription factors. ErbB-2 was activated by up to threefold and repressed by 84% with the retinoid X receptor-alpha/ecdysone receptor-inducible transcription factors. The dynamic range of these proteins was similar to the constitutive system and showed negligible basal regulation when ligand was not present. We have also demonstrated that the regulation imposed by these inducible transcription factors is dose dependent, sustainable for at least 11 days and reversible upon cessation of drug treatment. Importantly, these proteins can be used in conjunction with each other with no detectable overlap of activity enabling concurrent and temporal regulation of multiple genes within the same cell. Thus, these chemically inducible transcription factors are valuable tools for spatiotemporal control of gene expression that should prove valuable for research and gene therapy applications.