Protein folding is a central problem in the biological sciences. To generate residue-specific information on the equilibrium folding of cytochrome c, we have semisynthesized the protein with specifically deuterated residues. The C-D bonds may be easily visualized in an otherwise transparent region of the IR spectra, even at high protein and denaturant concentrations. Plotted as a function of added guanidine hydrochloride denaturant, the absorption intensities reveal that the protein undergoes a conformational change at the protein-based ligand, Met80, which is then followed by a more global unfolding at 2.3 M denaturant. Deuteration and characterization of other residues in cytochrome c, or other protein of interest, should provide complete views of folding with residue specific detail that is capable of resolving even the most rapidly interconverting intermediates.