We describe the isolation and characterization of the T. cruzi hsp 70 DNA coding region which was found to be formed by multigene copies organized in a tandem array in a head-to-tail manner. The restriction pattern of one of the repetition units within the largest clone obtained from the genomic library, clone Tc70.6, shows that the hsp70 coding region should be formed by at least seven identical copies of 2.5 kb. We have found, however, the presence of restriction polymorphisms (Pvu II) within these repeats. Subsequent analysis of the time course of nuclear DNA digestion has revealed that the copy number per haploid genome could be as greater as 10. The analysis of the DNA and amino acid sequence of a fragment (70%) of one of the repetition units has shown the existence of a high homology with all the hsp70 genes of other organisms. The protein sequence homology of the fragment analyzed is as high as 88% when compared with that of the T. brucei hsp70. On the other hand, there are significant restriction site variations between both. The T. cruzi hsp70 contains at the C-terminal end a tetrapeptide repeat of the structure (GMPG)9.