Two toxins from the venom of Naja mossambica mossambica, neurotoxin I and cardiotoxin VII4, were investigated in aqueous solution by high-resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques at 360 MHz. The spectral characterization of the proteins included determination of the number of slowly exchanging amide protons which can be observed in 2H2O solution, measurement of the amide proton chemical shifts and exchange rates, characterization of the aromatic spin systems and the internal mobilities of aromatic rings, and studies of the pH dependence of the NMR spectra. For numerous resonances of labile and non-labile protons quite outstanding pH titration shifts were observed. It is suggested that these NMR parameters provide a useful basis for comparative structural studies of different proteins in the large group of homologous snake toxins. As a first application the NMR data presently available in the literature on neurotoxin II from Naja naja oxiana, toxin alpha from Naja nigricollis and erabutoxin a and b from Laticauda semifasciata have been used to compare these three proteins with neurotoxin I from Naja mossambica mossambica. This preliminary comparative study provides evidence that the same type of spatial structure prevails for these four homologous neurotoxins and that the folding of the backbone corresponds quite closely to that observed in the crystal structure of erabutoxin b. A second application is the comparison of cardiotoxin VII4 from Naja mossambica mossambica with the neurotoxins. The experimental data indicate that the folding of the polypeptide backbone is closely similar, but that the cardiotoxin molecule is markedly more flexible than the neurotoxins.