Modulation of T-cell receptor expression and signaling is essential to the survival of many viruses. The U24 protein expressed by human herpesvirus 6A, a ubiquitous human pathogen, has been previously shown to downregulate the T-cell receptor. Here, we show that U24 also mediates cell surface downregulation of a canonical early endosomal recycling receptor, the transferrin receptor, indicating that this viral protein acts by blocking early endosomal recycling. We present evidence that U24 is a C-tail-anchored protein that is dependent for its function on TRC40/Asna-1, a component of a posttranslational membrane insertion pathway. Finally, we find that U24 proteins from other roseoloviruses have a similar genetic organization and a conserved function that is dependent on a proline-rich motif. Inhibition of a basic cellular process by U24 has interesting implications not only for the pathogenicity of roseoloviruses but also for our understanding of the biology of endosomal transport.