A whole-genome duplication in the ray-finned fish lineage has been supported by the analyses of the genome sequence of the Japanese pufferfish, Fugu rubripes. Recently, genome sequence of a second teleost fish, the freshwater pufferfish, Tetraodon nigroviridis, was completed. Comparisons of long-range synteny between the Tetraodon and human genomes provided additional evidence for the whole-genome duplication in the ray-finned fish lineage. In the present study, we conducted phylogenetic analysis of the Tetraodon and human proteins to identify ray-finned fish lineage-specific ('fish-specific') duplicate genes in the Tetraodon genome. Our analyses provide evidence for 1087 well defined fish-specific duplicate genes in Tetraodon. We also analyzed the Fugu proteome that was predicted in the recent Fugu genome assembly, and identified 346 duplicate genes in addition to the 425 duplicates previously identified. We estimated the ages of duplicate genes using the molecular clock. The ages of duplicate genes in the two pufferfishes independently support a large-scale gene duplication around 380-400 Myr ago. In addition, a burst of recent gene duplications was evident in the Tetraodon lineage. These findings provide further evidence for a whole-genome duplication early in the evolution of ray-finned fishes, and suggest that independent gene duplications have occurred recently in the Tetraodon lineage.