Mast cells play a central role in allergic disease and host defense against several pathogens through the release of various bioactive compounds via degranulation. In this study, we found that a myristoylated pseudosubstrate of PKC-zeta (zeta-PS; myristoyl-SIYRRGARRWRKL, a PKC-zeta inhibitor) regulates mast cell degranulation. zeta-PS increased [Ca+2]i level at nanomolar concentrations in a PKC-zeta activity-independent manner in HMC-1 cells. Moreover, zeta-PS-induced [Ca+2]i generation was completely abrogated by phospholipase C (PLC), IP3 receptor or Galpha i/o inhibitor and zeta-PS potently induced degranulation in HMC-1 cells which was significantly inhibited by pretreating PLC inhibitors or a calcium chelator. Therefore, our results suggest that zeta-PS can induce degranulation in HMC-1 cells by triggering the calcium signal via a PKC-zeta-independent but Galpha i/o, PLC and IP3-dependent pathways.