Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis is a promising approach for cancer therapy. As an endothelial cell-specific receptor kinase expressed almost exclusively on the surface of vascular endothelium, Tie-2 has an important role in tumor angiogenesis. To explore the therapeutic potential of blocking Tie-2 receptor-interaction pathway, an adenoviral vector was used to deliver a recombinant single-chain antibody fragment rabbit intrabody (pAd-2S03) capable of inhibition of both mouse and human Tie-2 surface expression. pAd-2S03 was given to mice with well-established primary tumors, either a human Kaposi's sarcoma (SLK) or a human colon carcinoma (SW1222). The intrabody significantly inhibited growth of both tumors (75% and 63%, respectively) when compared with pAd-GFP control-treated tumors (P < 0.01). Histopathologic analysis of cryosections taken from mice treated with pAd-2S03 revealed a marked decrease in vessel density, which was reduced by >87% in both tumor models when compared with control-treated tumors (P < 0.01). In contrast, human Tie-2-monospecific pAd-1S05 intrabody did not affect the growth of tumors, indicating that the antitumor effect of pAd-2S03 was due to the inhibition of tumor angiogenesis in these murine models. Our results show that the Tie-2 receptor pathway is essential for both SLK sarcoma and SW1222 colon carcinoma xenograft growth. The present study shows the potential utility of antiangiogenic agents that target the endothelium-specific receptor Tie-2 for down-regulation or genetic deletion.