Survival of the retina requires the daily phagocytosis of photoreceptor outer segments (OS) by the overlying retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). OS phagocytosis by cultured RPE requires serum and we have recently shown that the vitamin K-dependent serum protein, Gas6, can completely replace serum in this process. Surprisingly, however, we show here that 4-month-old Gas6 knockout mice have normal appearing retinas, except for a reduced ratio of outer segment to inner segment length. We also show that removal of Gas6 from serum does not abrogate the ability of serum to support OS phagocytosis by rat RPE. Both of these findings suggest the presence of an additional serum ligand that is able to support OS phagocytosis by RPE cells. Protein S (PS) is a vitamin K-dependent serum protein with a high degree of structural similarity to Gas6, and a well characterized role in blood coagulation. We report here that recombinant rat PS is able to stimulate OS phagocytosis, and similar to Gas6, it does so through a Mer-dependent mechanism. This is the first demonstration of a common role for Gas6 and PS in any biological process. The existence of redundant ligands for Mer-dependent OS phagocytosis underscores the critical role of this process in the maintenance of retinal function.