The backbone amide proton exchange with the solvent was investigated in 2H2O solutions of the basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor and two chemical modifications thereof, which were obtained by transamination of the N-terminus and by cleavage of the disulfide bond 14-38, respectively. The three proteins have nearly identical conformations, but the stability with respect to thermal denaturation is markedly different. Exchange rates for a large number of individually assigned amide protons located both in central and peripheral parts of the protein structures were measured by two-dimensional correlated spectroscopy (COSY). From analysis of the individual proton exchange rates in the three proteins at different temperatures, an interplay of global and local structure fluctuations was characterized, which promote hydrogen exchange in distinct regions of the molecules. The exchange of particular amide protons may be governed by different motional processes at different temperatures. As a general trend, global fluctuations involving breakage of numerous hydrophilic secondary bonds appear to be dominant at higher temperatures, whereas at lower temperatures the influence of local fluctuations in hydrophobic regions of the protein structures is also clearly noticeable.