Benzophenones are among the most useful photocrosslinking agents in biology. We have evolved an orthogonal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase/tRNA pair that makes possible the in vivo incorporation of p-benzoyl-l-phenylalanine into proteins in Escherichia coli in response to the amber codon, TAG. This unnatural amino acid was incorporated with high translational efficiency and fidelity into the dimeric protein glutathione S-transferase. Irradiation resulted in efficient crosslinking (>50%) of the protein subunits. This methodology may prove useful for discovering and defining protein interactions in vitro and in vivo.