Four glycodendrons and a glycocluster were synthesized from carbohydrate building blocks to form paucivalent (di- to tetravalent) structures of controlled scaffold architectures. Enzymatic sialylation of the functionalized cluster and dendrons, terminated in lactose residues, generated a library of paucivalent synthetic sialosides displaying sialic acids with different dispositions. These newly constructed bioactive sialic acid-based structures were differentially recognized by sialoadhesin, a mammalian macrophage sialic acid binding protein. The binding of the sialosides to sialoadhesin was evaluated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay to investigate the complementarity of scaffold structure and binding to sialoadhesin. Modulating the interaction between sialoadhesin and its sialic acid ligands has important implications in immunobiology.