The interaction of fibrinogen with integrin alphaIIbbeta3 (GPIIb/IIIa), in part mediated by an RGD tripeptide motif, is an essential step in platelet aggregation. Based on their inhibition of platelet aggregation, three integrin alphaIIbbeta3 inhibitors are clinically approved. The clinically most widely used integrin alphaIIbbeta3 inhibitor abciximab is a chimeric mouse/human antibody that induces thrombocytopenia, often severe, in 1-2% of patients due to a human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) response. In addition, unlike other ligands mimicking small molecular drugs, abciximab cross-reacts with integrin alphavbeta3 and alphaMbeta2. Here we used phage display to select monoclonal antibodies specific to integrin alphaIIbbeta3 from a synthetic human antibody library based on the randomized HCDR3 sequence VGXXXRADXXXYAMDV. The selected antibodies revealed a strong consensus in HCDR3 (V(V/W)CRAD(K/R)RC) and high specificity toward integrin alphaIIbbeta3 but not to other RGD binding integrins such as alphavbeta3, alphavbeta5, and alpha5beta1. The selected antibodies as well as three synthetic peptides (VWCRADRRC, VWCRADKRC, and VVCRADRRC) whose sequences were derived from the HCDR3 sequences of the selected antibodies strongly inhibited the interaction between integrin alphaIIbbeta3 and fibrinogen and platelet aggregation ex vivo. To our knowledge, these are the first fully human monoclonal antibodies that are specific to integrin alphaIIbbeta3 and can potently inhibit platelet aggregation.