The ability of bacteria to utilize ethanolamine (EA) as a carbon and nitrogen source may confer an advantage for survival, colonization, and pathogenicity in the human intestinal tract. Enterococcus faecalis, a Gram-positive human commensal organism, depends on a two-component signaling system (TCS-17) for sensing EA and regulating the expression of the ethanolamine utilization genes. Multiple promoters participate in eut gene expression in the presence of EA as the sole carbon source and cobalamin (CoB12), an essential cofactor in the enzymatic degradation process. By means of in vivo and in vitro approaches, this study characterized the transcriptional activity identified in the eutT-eutG intergenic region of the E. faecalis eut cluster. Two novel promoters in this region were shown to be active in vivo. The distal P2-1 promoter was associated with a B12 riboswitch that terminated transcription in the presence of CoB12. Transcription elongation from the proximal P2-2 promoter was regulated by antitermination mediated by the phosphorylated form of the response regulator of TCS-17 (RR17). 3'-Rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) analyses of the terminated RNA products allowed precise identification of the hairpin loop structures involved in termination/antitermination. The results uncovered the role of the B12 riboswitch and RR17 in eut gene expression, adding to the complexity of this regulatory pathway and extending the knowledge of possible means of transcription regulation in Gram-positive organisms.