The interesting biological activities of heterocycle-containing cyclic peptide-derived natural products, isolated from marine organisms over the past twenty years, have attracted the interest of many synthetic and natural products chemists. Bistratamides E-J, members of this class of natural products that were isolated very recently from Lissoclinum bistratum, exhibited cytotoxic activity against a human colon tumor (HCT-116) cell line. Here we report the first total syntheses of bistratamides E (1) and J (2) in overall yields of 19 and 34 %, respectively. The thiazole substructures have been synthesized by oxidation of their corresponding thiazoline substructures, which were obtained from cysteine containing peptides using a novel biomimetic approach wherein Val-Cys dipeptide units were converted to thiazolines by a bisphosphonium salt. The final macrocyclization was promoted efficiently using the combination of PyBOP and DMAP. This approach allows the use of readily available Fmoc-protected amino acids to make complex thiazole and oxazoline-containing natural products.