Sequence-specific assignments of the 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of the cardiotoxins CTXIIa and CTXIIb from Naja mossambica mossambica were obtained using two-dimensional NMR experiments at 500 MHz and the independently determined amino acid sequences. Assignments were obtained from data at 25 degrees C and 45 degrees C for all but one backbone proton of the 60 residues in each protein. Complete or partial assignments are also reported for the side-chain protons. These assignments supercede those published previously for the toxin preparation VII2 [Hosur, R. V., Wider, G. & Wüthrich K. (1983) Eur. J. Biochem. 130, 497-508]. The 1H/2H-exchange kinetics were measured in 2H2O at 20 degrees C for the amide protons and the N-terminal amino group. These and additional NMR data enabled the determination of the secondary structure in aqueous solution, which is virtually identical in CTXIIa and CTXIIb. Both proteins contain a short double-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet comprising the residues 2-4 and 11-13, and a triple-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet consisting of the residues 20-26, 35-39, and 49-55. The two peripheral strands of the triple-stranded beta-structure were found to be connected by a right-handed cross-over, and the locations of several tight turns were also identified.