The Mitochondrial Tumor suppressor 1 (MTUS1) gene is a newly identified candidate tumor suppressor gene at chromosomal position 8p22. We report here that MTUS1 encodes a family of proteins whose leader member (ATIP1) was previously isolated in our laboratory as a novel interacting partner of the angiotensin II AT2 receptor involved in growth inhibition (Nouet, JBC 279: 28989-97, 2004). The MTUS1 gene contains 17 coding exons distributed over 112 kb of genomic DNA. Alternative exon usage generates three major transcripts (ATIP1, ATIP3 and ATIP4), each showing different tissue distribution. ATIP polypeptides are identical in their carboxy-terminal region carrying four coiled-coil domains. In their amino-terminal portion, ATIP polypeptides exhibit distinct motifs for localisation in the cytosol, nucleus or cell membrane, suggesting that MTUS1 gene products may be involved in a variety of intracellular functions in an AT2-dependent and independent manner. ATIP1 is ubiquitous and highly expressed in the brain. ATIP3 is the major transcript in tissues (prostate, bladder, breast, ovary, colon) corresponding to cancer types with frequent loss of heterozygosity at 8p22. Interestingly, ATIP4 is a brain-specific transcript highly abundant in the cerebellum and fetal brain. High evolutionary conservation of ATIP amino-acid sequences suggests important biological roles for this new family of proteins in tumor suppression and/or brain function.