We investigated the requirement for N-formyl peptide receptor-mediated transmembrane signalling in transfected mouse fibroblasts that express the receptor. Stably transfected cells displayed specific binding for N-formyl-Met-Leu-[3H]Phe with a dissociation constant of 3 nM. The cells responded to ligand stimulation with mobilization of calcium from intracellular stores. Calcium mobilization was ligand dose-dependent (EC50 = 3 nM fMet-Leu-Phe) and could be inhibited by pertussis toxin treatment. These results provide the first demonstration that expression of the single-chain N-formyl peptide receptor in mouse fibroblasts is sufficient for mediating ligand-induced early transmembrane signalling events, which do not appear to require other neutrophil-specific cellular components.