The inhibitor binding domain in bovine complex I is believed to be constructed by multisubunits, but it remains to be learned how the binding positions of chemically diverse inhibitors relate to each other. To get insight into the inhibitor binding domain in complex I, we synthesized a photoreactive acetogenin [[125I](trifluoromethyl)phenyldiazirinylacetogenin, [125I]TDA], in which an aryldiazirine group serves as both a photoreactive group and a substitute for the gamma-lactone ring that is a common toxophore of numerous natural acetogenins, and carried out photoaffinity labeling to identify the labeled subunit using bovine heart submitochondrial particles (SMP). When SMP were UV-irradiated in the presence of [125I]TDA, radioactivity was predominantly incorporated into an approximately 30 kDa band on a SDS gel. Blue native gel electrophoresis of the [125I]TDA-labeled SMP revealed that the majority of radioactivity was observed in complex I. Analysis of complex I on a SDS gel showed a predominant peak of radioactivity at approximately 30 kDa. Immnoprecipitation of the [125I]TDA-labeled complex I with anti-bovine ND1 antibody indicated that the labeled protein is the ND1 subunit. A variety of complex I inhibitors such as piericidin A and rotenone efficiently suppressed the specific binding of [125I]TDA to ND1, indicating that they share a common binding domain. However, the suppression efficiency of Deltalac-acetogenin, a new type of complex I inhibitor synthesized in our laboratory, was much lower than that of the traditional inhibitors. Our results unequivocally reveal that the ND1 subunit constructs the inhibitor binding domain, though the contribution of this subunit has been challenged. Further, the present study corroborates our previous proposition that the inhibition site of Deltalac-acetogenins differs from that of traditional inhibitors.