Outcome of the acetabular component in 90 consecutive primary noncemented total hip arthroplasties (THAs) was prospectively studied. The acetabular cup consisted of a hemispherical titanium alloy shell with a titanium fiber-mesh porous coating and a modular polyethylene liner (Harris-Galante Porous-1, Zimmer, Warsaw, Ind). The cup was implanted using line-to-line reaming with adjunctive dome screw fixation. The femoral component consisted of a titanium alloy stem with titanium fiber-mesh porous coating and a 28-mm cobalt-chrome modular head. Mean patient age was 53 years (range: 27-75 years); male:female ratio was 48:42; and mean follow-up was 6 years (range: 4.5-8 years). One acetabular component was revised for aseptic loosening. Of 81 unrevised hips available for follow-up, mean Harris hip score was 57 preoperatively and 96 at final follow-up (72% excellent, 15% good, 1 3% fair, and none poor). Of 61 unrevised hips with adequate radiographic follow-up, radiographic failure (complete periprosthetic radiolucency) was evident in 3 (4.9%) and periacetabular osteolysis in none. Radiographic failure did not correlate with poor clinical outcome. Linear polyethylene wear rate (mean: 0.13 mm/year) did not correlate with age, gender, weight, outcome, or cup abduction angle, but did correlate with the presence of femoral periprosthetic osteolysis (0.18 mm/year with femoral osteolysis versus 0.11 mm/year without; P= .01). This series of porous-coated hemispherical cups demonstrated excellent intermediate-term clinical and radiographic outcome, comparable with similarly favorable results reported by the prosthesis designers. A potentially adverse effect of polyethylene wear on the longevity of a THA was supported by a positive correlation between polyethylene wear rate and femoral osteolysis.