We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the RNA2 segment of the Nudaurelia capensis omega virus genome. It was found to consist of 2448 nucleotides and contained one long open reading frame (ORF) encoding the 644 residue capsid protein. The deduced amino acid sequence of this protein reveals a positively charged amino terminus, a characteristic exhibited by several other viral capsid proteins, that is thought to be important for interactions between the capsid and the genomic RNA. There are 366 and 150 bases of untranslated sequence on the 5' and 3' ends, respectively. The ORF encoding the capsid protein initiates at the second AUG from the 5' end. The 5' proximal AUG specifies a short ORF (30 codons) which terminates 1 base before the initiation codon for the coat protein. Our analysis also revealed the presence of a second, previously unidentified polypeptide associated with Nudaurelia capensis omega virus particles. The amino terminal sequence of this protein corresponds to a portion of the long ORF beginning at codon 571. The lack of an initiation codon near this sequence indicates that the small polypeptide is most likely produced as a carboxy terminal cleavage product from a 70-kDa capsid protein precursor, yielding the previously identified 62-kDa protein and the 8-kDa protein that we have observed. The putative cleavage site would be at an Asn/Phe pair, somewhat resembling known cleavage sites (Asn/Ala) in the T = 3 Nodaviridae. In addition, we have found that there is also a second polypeptide similar in size to that from Nudaurelia capensis omega virus associated with particles of Nudaurelia capensis beta virus, the type member of Tetraviridae.