A novel sialylphospholipid (SPL) was synthesized from N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) by a chemical and enzymatic method and evaluated as an inhibitor of rotavirus. PC and 1,8-octanediol were conjugated by transesterification reaction of Streptomyces phospholipase D (PLD) under a water-chloroform biphasic system to afford phosphatidyloctanol, which was condensed with a protected 2-chloro-2-deoxyneuraminic acid derivative by using silver trifluoromethanesulfonate as an activator in chloroform and converted, after deprotection, to SPL. Rhesus monkey kidney cells (MA-104) were incubated with simian (SA-11 strain) and human (MO strain) rotaviruses in the presence of SPL, and the cells infected were detected indirectly with anti-rotavirus antibody. SPL showed dose dependent inhibition against both virus strains. The concentrations required for 50% inhibition (IC50) against SA-11 and MO were 4.35 and 16.1 microM, respectively, corresponding to 10(3)- and 10(4)-fold increases in inhibition as compared to monomeric NeuAc.