One component of the cellular immune response to antigens is the expression of procoagulant activity (PCA) by monocytes and macrophages. Induction of human monocyte PCA in response to alloantigenic stimulation requires the collaboration of HLA-DR-responsive T cells. In mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLCs), the induction of monocyte tissue factor appears to be mediated exclusively by a T cell-derived lymphokine. We have used a soft agar cloning method to generate alloantigen-responsive T cell clones from MLCs between irradiated Daudi lymphoblastoid cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Developing clones were screened for the ability to induce PCA in fresh autologous monocytes in response to Daudi stimulator cells. PCA induction was observed with some, but not all, proliferating T cell clones and two modes of induction were apparent. Some T cell clones mediated PCA induction exclusively by lymphokine production, whereas other clones delivered induction signals by direct cellular collaboration with the monocyte effector cells. These two inductive pathways were represented in distinct, non-inclusive functional subsets of T cell clones. Constitutive production of soluble inducer signals was not observed in T inducer clones. The magnitude of the monocyte PCA response increased in response to an increase in the allogeneic stimulator/T clone responder ratio, and third-party allogeneic cells were unable to elicit the PCA-inducing lymphokine signals from T inducer clones. Both modes of induction were shown to generate tissue factor protein activity in monocytes. Collectively, these results suggest that PCA induction can be initiated in response to alloantigens through collaboration with certain OKT3+, OKT4+, OKT8-, OKM1- T inducer clones, and that induction can be mediated by at least two different functional subsets of human T cells. Stimulation with the appropriate alloantigen may elicit both lymphokine and T cell-contact pathways of induction of tissue factor in human monocytes.