Intraperitoncel injection of morphine (5 mg/kg) in mice every other day for 8 days produced conditioned place preference (CPP). CPP effects were evaluated by assessing the difference in time spent in the drug-paired compartment and the saline-paired compartment of the place conditioning apparatus. The injection of a noncompetitive NMDA antagonist, MK-801 (0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg. IP), prior to and during morphine treatment in mice inhibited morphine-induced CPP. The development of postsynaptic dopamine (DA) receptor supersensitivity in mice displaying a morphine-induced CPP was evidenced by the enhanced response in ambulatory activity to the DA agonist, apomorphine (2 mg/kg). MK-801 inhibited that development of postsynaptic DA receptor supersensitivity. MK-801 also inhibited apomorphine-induced climbing behavior, suggesting that MK-801 inhibits dopaminergic activation mediated via the NMDA receptor. These results suggest that the development of morphine-induced CPP may be associated with the development of postsynaptic DA receptor supersensitivity. The development of morphine-induced CPP and DA receptor supersensitivity may be closely related to NMDA receptor-mediated dopaminergic activity, because morphine-induced changes in sensitivity to apomorphine, as well as apomorphine-induced climbing behavior in morphine treated mice, were both blocked by MK-801.