Apomorphine (0.01-10.0 mg/kg, subcutaneously) paradoxically produced both dose-dependent aversive and positive reinforcing effects, as measured in conditioned taste aversion and place preference paradigms, respectively. The conditioned taste aversions produced by apomorphine were not modified in rats with bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesions of the nucleus accumbens (producing 92% depletion of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens) nor in rats with thermal lesions of the area postrema. Both types of lesions were behaviorally verified as effective in other paradigms; the 6-OHDA lesions potentiated the facilitatory effects to a novel flavor paired with scopolamine methylnitrate (1.0 mg/kg, intraperitoneally). However, 6-OHDA lesions of the nucleus accumbens did clearly potentiate the conditioned place preferences induced by apomorphine. These results suggest that both the positive reinforcing and locomotor effects of apomorphine may partially result from activation of post-synaptic dopamine receptors in the nucleus accumbens. Moreover, the dissociation of apomorphine's aversive and positive reinforcing properties revealed by the 6-OHDA lesions may provide the first step in attempts to pinpoint the different brain sites of action where apomorphine produces its opposite motivational effects.