The completion of the total syntheses of the CP-molecules is reported. Several strategies and tactics, including the use of amide-based protecting groups for the homologated C-29 carboxylic acid and the use of an internal pyran protecting group scheme, are discussed. The endeavors leading to the design of new methods for the homologation of hindered aldehydes and to the isolation of a polycyclic byproduct (23), which inspired the development of a new series of reactions based on iodine(V) reagents, are described. In addition, the discovery and development of the LiOH-mediated conversion of CP-263,114 (1) to CP-225,917 (2) is described, and a mechanistic rationale is presented. Finally, a synthetic route to complex analogues of the CP-molecules harboring a maleimide moiety in place of the maleic anhydride is presented.