o-Imidoquinones, a rather rare class of compounds, are prepared from anilides by the action of Dess-Martin periodinane (DMP) and water. Their chemistry has been extensively investigated and found to lead to p-quinones and polycyclic systems of diverse molecular architectures. Applications of this methodology to the total synthesis of the naturally occurring compounds, epoxyquinomycin B and BE-10988, are described. Finally, another rare chemical entity, the ketohydroxyamide moiety, has been accessed through this DMP-based synthetic technology, and its reactivity has been studied. Among its most useful reactions is a set of cascade heterocyclic annulations leading to a variety of polycyclic systems of possible biological relevance.