The authors operated on 95 eyes with retinal detachment (RD) complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) using vitrectomy combined with scleral buckling. The retina was successfully reattached in 10 (91%) of 11 eyes with mild PVR (B, C1), 14 (93%) of 15 eyes with moderate PVR (C2-C3), and 52 (75%) of 69 eyes with severe PVR (D1-D3). Thirteen (88%) of 15 eyes in which silicone oil was injected were successfully reattached. Eighty-eight percent of the 76 successfully reattached cases had a postoperative visual acuity of 5/200 or better; the median postoperative visual acuity was 20/200. Severe PVR was the cause of failure in 17 (89%) of 19 eyes in which the retina was not reattached.