We have studied microsomal phospholipid, cholesterol and protein concentration in rat renal papilla, medulla and cortex during postnatal development, and the relationship between these membranes biochemical parameters and morphological changes. We also determined DNA concentration in each kidney zone. No changes were observed either in papillary microsomal phospholipids, proteins and cholesterol or in DNA concentration from 10-to 70-day-old rats. Medullary microsomal proteins and cholesterol did not change but a significant increase was observed in the microsomal phospholipid concentration during development; in this case, medullary DNA was significantly lower at 70 than at 10 days. In contrast, all biochemical parameters in renal cortex were significantly higher during development except for DNA concentration which suffered a great decrease. These biochemical findings demonstrate that the developmental pattern is different in each zone of the kidney and confirm the fact that the papilla, in newborn rats, is almost fully developed whereas the renal cortex and medulla are immature.