Activity driven Ca2+ signaling is an important regulator of neuronal development. Early developing Purkinje neurons (postnatal day 5-7) prior to the stage of dendritic development express a somatic Ca2+ signaling pathway that is electrically driven and communicates information from the cell membrane to the cytosol and nucleus. In the current studies, we examined the properties and potential functional role of this pathway using acutely isolated Purkinje neurons from postnatal day 5-7 rat pups and brief K+ stimulation to activate the pathway. Results show that the amplitude of the nuclear Ca2+ signal increases as a function of the cytosolic Ca2+ signal but is larger than the cytosolic Ca2+ signal at strong K+ stimulations. Both L-type and P-type Ca2+ channels contribute to the Ca2+ signal. We also show using semiquantitative immunohistochemical methods that activation of this Ca2+ signaling pathway results in activation the transcription factor CREB and that L-type Ca2+ channels play a prominent role in this effect. The level of cfos, a transcription factor whose expression is regulated by CREB, was also increased by K+ stimulation. K+ stimulation also altered the level of the Ca2+ binding protein calbindin, an effect that involved L-type Ca2+ channels. The relationship between increases in Ca2+ and calbindin expression was bell-shaped, with high levels of Ca2+ decreasing calbindin expression. The level of the transmitter GABA was also increased by K+ stimulation but this effect was not dependent on L-type Ca2+ channels. Taken together, these results support a role for L-type channels in the phenotypic expression of Purkinje neuron properties during early development and suggest that the different activity patterns of early developing Purkinje neurons could be one mechanism for signaling the induction of specific genes through differences in cytosolic or nuclear Ca2+.