Galanin (GAL) is a widely distributed neuropeptide with diverse biological effects including modulation of hormone release, antinociception and modification of feeding behavior. Its effects are mediated through G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) for which only a single type has been cloned, GAL receptor 1 (GALR1). We describe the cloning of a second galanin receptor type, GALR2, from rat hypothalamus. The GALR2 amino acid sequence is 38% identical to GALR1 and is pharmacologically similar to GALR1 when expressed in COS-7 cells. GALR2 is encoded by a single gene containing at least one intron and expressed in a diverse range of tissues.