Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is a robust, icosahedrally symmetric platform successfully used for attaching a variety of molecular substrates including proteins, fluorescent labels, and metals. The symmetric distribution and high local concentration of the attached molecules generates novel properties for the 30 nm particles. We report new CPMV reagent particles generated by systematic replacement of surface lysines with arginine residues. The relative reactivity of each lysine on the native particle was determined, and the two most reactive lysine residues were then created as single attachment sites by replacing all other lysines with arginine residues. Structural analysis of gold derivatization not only corroborated the specific reactivity of these unique lysine residues but also demonstrated their dramatically different presentation environment. Combined with site-directed cystine mutations, it is now possible to uniquely double label CPMV, expanding its use as an addressable nanoblock.