The high sequence identity observed between UNC-93B of mouse and human imply common evolutionary ancestors and a conserved function. A nonconservative point mutation in the mouse Unc93b1 gene has been associated with defective Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and impaired major histocompatibility complex (MHC) I and II restricted antigen responses. Like murine UNC-93B, the human homologue is predicted to form 12 transmembrane domains, and it localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. In human beings its expression is highest in professional antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells and macrophages. Interestingly, UNC-93B itself is specifically induced by TLR3 signaling in monocyte-derived dendritic cells and macrophages. To study the effect of UNC-93B deficiency in TLR signaling and antigen-presentation in human beings, UNC-93B message was knocked down in monocyte-derived dendritic cells and a reduced TNFalpha production in response to TLR3 agonists was observed. In the same experiment, the achieved knockdown had no effect on an MHC II-dependent antigen response, suggesting that the reduced quantity of human UNC-93B was still capable of supporting class II antigen presentation or that UNC-93B is not required for class II antigen presentation in human antigen-presenting cells.